Port Elizabeth’s dams in order of date constructed
Main picture: Churchill Dam (now called the Kromme Dam although nobody really uses that name) is fed by the Kromme River. Commissioned in 1943
1 Lower Van Stadens Dam. Constructed in 1880. Fed by the Van Stadens River. There is also an Upper Van Stadens Dam that was constructed in 1893.
2 Bulk River Dam. Constructed in 1903 and fed by the Bulk River-a tributary to the Elands River which later concourse with the Kwazunga River to form the Swartkops River
3 Sand River Dam. Built in 1907, it is fed by the Sand River, a tributary to the Elands River which later concourse with the Kwazunga River to form the Swartkops River
4 Groendal Dam. Commissioned in 1933 and fed by the Swartkops River which gets its water mainly from the Elands River and Kwazunga River
5 Churchill Dam (now called the Kromme Dam although nobody really uses that name) fed by the Kromme River. Commissioned in 1943
6 Kouga Dam. Commissioned in 1969 and then known as the Paul Sauer Dam. Fed by the Kouga River that later on it forms the Groot River. Below the Kouga Dam the Groot River is known as the Gamtoos River
7 Loerie Dam. Constructed as part of the Kouga scheme (Paul Sauer scheme) in the late 60’s. It is a balancing dam, or a retention dam, for water released from the Kouga. It has small but effective catchment area fed by the Geelhoutboom River and the Loeriespruit
8 Impofu Dam. Previously known as the Charlie Malan Dam it is fed by the Kromme River. Commissioned in 1983. It is an earthfill dam with a rather high hazard (breakage) potential.
Facebook post by Retief Odendal